Third Heart Sound Detection Using Wavelet Transform'Simplicity Filter



Heart failure and heart valvar diseases are chronic heart disorders which are potentially diagnosed using heart sound characteristics. Heart sound components S1 and S2 exhibit significant characteristics for valvar dysfunction while pathological S3 sound is a prominent sign for heart failure in elderly people. In this paper, a new automatic detection method of the S3 heart sound is proposed. The method is build upon wavelet transform'simplicity filter which separates S1, S2 and S3 sounds from background noise enabling heart
sound segmentation even in the presence of heart murmurs or noise sources. The algorithm uses physiologically inspired criteria to assess the presence of S3 heart sound components and to perform their segmentation. Heart sound samples recorded
from children as well as from elderly patients with heart failure were used to test the method. The achieved sensitivity and specificity were 90.35% and 92.35%, respectively.


Biosignal processing; heart sound


EMBC -2007, 29th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, August 2007

Cited by

Year 2013 : 4 citations

 Naseri, H., and M. R. Homaeinezhad. "Detection and boundary identification of phonocardiogram sounds using an expert frequency-energy based metric." Annals of biomedical engineering 41.2 (2013): 279-292.

 Naseri, H., M. R. Homaeinezhad, and H. Pourkhajeh. "Noise/Spike Detection in Phonocardiogram Signal as a Cyclic Random Process with Non-Stationary Period Interval." Computers in Biology and Medicine (2013).

 Kocharian, Armen, et al. "Efficiency, Sensitivity and Specificity of Automated Auscultation Diagnosis Device for Detection and Discrimination of Cardiac Murmurs in Children." Iranian Journal of Pediatrics 23.4 (2013).

 Become Xie Feng, and Zhang are. "One heart sounds biorthogonal wavelet construction method," Physics 16 (2013): 070.

Year 2012 : 7 citations

H. N Aseri, M. R. H Omaeinezhad, “ Detection and Boundary Identi?cation of Phonocardiogram Sounds Using an Expert Frequency-Energy Based Metric”, Annals of Biomedical Engineering, 2012.

 Anake Pomprapa, David Schwaiberger, Burkhard Lachmann and Steffen Leonhardt, "The "music" within thoracic cavity using Wavelet filtering", Proceedings of the IEEE-EMBS International Conference on Biomedical and Health Informatics (BHI 2012), Hong Kong and Shenzhen, China, 2-7 Jan 2012, pp. 861- 863

 Fumio Nogata, Yasunai Yokota, Yoko Kawanura, Hiroyuki Morita, Yoshiyuki Uno, W. R. Walsh, "AUDIO-VISUAL BASED RECOGNITION OF AUSCULTATORY HEART SOUNDS WITH FOURIER AND WAVELET ANALYSES", Transaction on Biomedical Engineering and Image Recognition, 3, pp. 42-48

 H. Naseri, M. R. Homaeinezhad, "Computerized quality assessment of phonocardiogram signal measurement-acquisition parameters", J. of Medical Engg and Technology, 36(6), pp. 308-318

 Hong-Hui Chen, Tung-Chien Chen and Liang-Gee Chen, "Assessing Normality of Heart Sound by Matching Pursuit Residue with Frequency-domain-based Templates", in Proc. of IEEE-EMBS, 2012, pp. 2917-2920

 Yi-Li Tseng, Pin-Yu Ko, Fu-Shan Jaw, "Detection of the third and fourth heart sounds
using Hilbert-Huang transform", 2012, 11:8, pp. 2- 13.

 Feng Liu, Yutai Wang, Yanxiang Wang, "Research and Implementation of Heart Sound Denoising", Physics Procedia, 25 ( 2012 ) 777 – 785

Year 2011 : 13 citations

 (translated from Chinese) Chu Chen Li, Jun Weizhe Xuyue, Bin Guo Feng Xue , "Heart sound signal analysis based on frequency distribution of Cohen class", Journal of Medical and health equipment vol.7, 2011, pp. 17 - 19

 Chen Ruo-zhu, I. J. Jun-hong, Wei Zhe, Xu Yue-bin, Guo Feng, Xue Zhi-Qiang, "Analysis of Heart Sound Signal on Cohen's Time-Frequency Distribution", Chinese Medical Equipment Journal, 32(7), 17-19, 2011

 (translated from Chinese) Weizhe Xuyue Bin Chen, Li Jun, Guo Feng Xue Zhiqiang, Lanzhou "LabVIEW-based heart sound signal acquisition and playback system design" Journal of Medical Equipment. vol. 5, 2011, pp. 9 -11.

 • Mohammad R. Homaeinezhad, S. Abbas Atyabi, Ehsan Deneshvar, A. Ghaffari, Maryam Tahmasebi, Optimal delineation of PCG sounds via false-alarm bounded segmentation of a wavelet-based principal components analyzed metric, International Journal for Numerical Methods in Biomedical Engineering, 2011 (in print).

 • The Third Heart Sound, heart sound/en-en/ (consultado em 9 de Março, 2011)

 • Heart Murmurs,, (consultado em 9 de Março, 2011)

 • Heart Sounds, , (consultado em 9 de Março, 2011)

 • Wapedia, Wiki: Third heart sound, (consultado em 9 de Março, 2011)

 • Letran Alumni Association, Third heart sound?qsrc=3044, ( (consultado em 9 de Março, 2011)

 • Third heart sound: Reference, ( (consultado em 9 de Março, 2011)

 • gooWikiopedia, Third heart sound,, (consultado em 9 de Março, 2011)

 • Ask Jeeves Encyclopedia, Third heart sound,, (consultado em 9 de Março, 2011)

 • Mashpedia- The real-time encyclopedia, The Third heart sound, (consultado em 9 de Março, 2011)

Year 2010 : 3 citations

 • The Third Heart Sound, Wikipedia, (consulta 1 de Junho, 2010)

 • Kuan-Wei Chen, Integration of heart sound and ECG signals in the assessment of heart failure, Department of Bio-Medical Engineering, Taiwan, Master Thesis, 2010.

 • M. R. Homaeinezhad, S. A. Atyabi, E. Daneshvar, A. Ghaffari and M. Tahmasebi, Discrete Wavelet-Aided Delineation of PCG Signal Events via Analysis of an Area Curve Length-Based Decision Statistic, CARDIOVASCULAR ENGINEERING, Volume 10, Number 4, 218-234, 2010.