VARON: Vehicular Ad hoc Route Optimisation for NEMO



In this paper we analyse the provision of enhanced communications between vehicles. It
is expected that vehicles will have several communication devices, and that a specialised
node will provide external connectivity to these devices, i.e. the devices in the vehicle form
a Mobile Network. We propose the use of Network Mobility communication solutions for
providing access from the vehicles to an infrastructured network (e.g., the Internet) or for
communication with other vehicles. The main contribution of this paper consists in a route
optimisation solution for mobile networks ' based on the use of mixed ad-hoc and infrastructure communications ' that enables inter-vehicle communications to be improved in
terms of bandwidth and delay. The mechanism provides the same level of security than
today's IPv4 Internet, by means of reusing Mobile IPv6 security concepts, and the use of
public key cryptography and Cryptographically Generated Addresses. The proposed solution
is characterised and evaluated through extensive simulation, showing that it provides
an efficient optimisation in vehicular communications.


Mobile Networks, Beyond 3G networks, Het


Computer Communications, Vol. 30, #8, June 2007

Cited by

Year 2015 : 2 citations

 Cespedes, S.; Shen, X.S.; “On Achieving Seamless IP Communications in Heterogeneous Vehicular Networks”, IEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems, Volume 16 , Issue 6, pp. 3223 – 3237, December 2015.

 Jia, D.; Lu, K.; Wang, J.; Zhang, X.; Shen, X.; “A Survey on Platoon-Based Vehicular Cyber-Physical Systems”, Communications Surveys & Tutorials, IEEE, Volume 18, Issue 1, pp. 263 – 284, DOI: 10.1109/COMST.2015.2410831, 9 March 2015.

Year 2014 : 2 citations

 Madhavi Sinha, Ankit Kumar, “Framework for Authenticate the Message in Vechular Ad-Hoc Network”, International Journal of Advanced Research in IT and Engineering, ISSN: 2278-6244, Vol. 3, No. 7, July 2014.

 Kumar, A.; Sinha, M.; “Overview on vehicular ad hoc network and its security issues”, Proceedings of INDIACom 2014 - International Conference on Computing for Sustainable Global Development, New Delhi, India, 5-7 March 2014, DOI: 10.1109/IndiaCom.2014.6828071.

Year 2013 : 1 citations

 Samer Sami Hasan, and Rosilah Hassan, “Enhancement of Return Routability Mechanism for Optimized-NEMO Using Correspondent Firewall”, ETRI Journal, Volume 35, Number 1, February 2013.

Year 2012 : 3 citations

 Lo, S.K.C., “A collaborative multi-agent message transmission mechanism in intelligent transportation system - A smart freeway exemple”, Information Sciences 184 (1), pp. 246-265, 2012.

 Muhammad Qasim Khan, Steinar Hidle Andresen, “Pros and cons of route optimization schemes for network mobility and their implications on handovers”, in Transaction on Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Institute of Electrical Engineers of Japan, August 2012. DOI: 10.1002/tee.21781.

 Marco Gramaglia, “VANET-Based optimization of infotainment and traffic efficiency vehicular services”, PhD thesis, Departamento de Ingenieria Telematica, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, September 2012.

Year 2011 : 5 citations

 Kun Zhu, Dusit Niyato, Ping Wang, Ekram Hossain and Dong In Kim, “Mobility and handoff management in vehicular networks: a survey”, Wireless Communications And Mobile Computing 2011; 11:459–476.

 Cespedes, S.; Shen, X.; Lazo, C.; “IP mobility management for vehicular communication networks: challenges and solutions”, IEEE Communications Magazine, Volume 49, Issue 5, pp. 187 – 194, ISSN: 0163-6804, May 2011.

 A. Prakash, S. Tripathi, R. Verma, N. Tyagi, R. Tripathi, K. Naik, “Vehicle assisted cross-layer handover scheme in NEMO-based VANETs (VANEMO)”, International Journal of Internet Protocol Technology, Volume 6, Number 1-2 / 2011, pp. 83 – 95, 2011.

 Laishen Xiao, Zhengxia Wang, “Internet of Things: a New Application for Intelligent Traffic Monitoring System”, Journal of Networks, Vol 6, No 6 (2011), 887-894, Jun 2011, doi:10.4304/jnw.6.6.887-894, 2011.

 Lo, S.K.C., Keh, H.-C., “Embedding a multi-agents collaboration mechanism into the hybrid middleware of an intelligent transportation system”, Information Technology Journal 10 (6), pp. 1113-1125, 2011.

Year 2009 : 1 citations

 Kun Zhu, Dusit Niyato, Ping Wang, Ekram Hossain, Dong In Kim, "Mobility and handoff management in vehicular networks: a survey?, Wireless Communications And Mobile Computing Journal, John Wiley & Sons, 00: 1"20, 2009.