Fusion of Risk Assessment Models with application to Coronary Artery Disease Patients



Several risk score models are available in literature to predict death/myocardial infarction event for coronary artery disease (CAD) patients, within a short period of time. However, the choice of the most adequate model is not straightforward since there might not be a consensus about the best model to use in clinical practice Moreover, individually, these models present some weaknesses, such as the inability to deal with missing information.
This work addresses these problems, proposing a Bayesian classifier strategy enabling the simultaneous use of several models (models’ fusion). Thus, a higher number of risk factors can be used in the common model, while it can deal with missing information. The validation of the strategy is carried out through the combination of three current risk score models (GRACE, TIMI, PURSUIT). Results were obtained based on a dataset that comprises 460 consecutive patients admitted to the Cardiology Department of Santa Cruz Hospital, Lisbon, from 1999 to 2001. A comparison with the voting scheme, which considers exclusively the outputs of models to combine (models output combination) is also carried out. The proposed Bayesian approach had very satisfactory results, confirming the potential of its application to the clinical practice.


Cardiovascular risk assessment, Bayesian classifiers, Models' fusion


Cardiovascular risk assessment

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33rd Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBC 2011), September 2011

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