QoE-aware FEC Mechanism for Intrusion Detection in Multi- tier Wireless Multimedia Sensor Networks



Wireless Multimedia Sensor Networks (WMSNs) play an important role in pervasive and ubiquitous systems. The multimedia content in such networks has the potential of enhancing the level of information collected, enlarging the range of coverage, and enabling multi-view support. For WMSN applications, the multi-tier network architecture has proven to be more beneficial than a single-tier in terms of energy-efficiency, scalability, functionality and reliability. In this context, a multimedia intrusion detection application appears as a promising application of multi-tier WMSNs, where the lower tier can detect the intruder using scalar sensors, and the higher tier camera nodes will be woken up to send real time video sequences from the detected area. The transmission of multimedia content requires a certain quality level from the user perspective, while energy consumption and network overhead should be minimized. Among the existing mechanisms for improving video transmissions, Forward Error Correction (FEC) can be regarded as a suitable solution to improve video quality level from the user point-of-view. In this work, we propose a Quality of Experience (QoE)-aware FEC mechanism for WMSNs, which creates redundant packets based on impact of the frame from on the user experience. According to the simulation results, our proposed mechanism achieved similar video quality level compared with standard FEC, while reducing the transmission of redundant packets, which will bring many benefits in a resource-constrained system.


Wireless multimedia sensor networks, QoE, Forward error correction, Multi-tier architecture, Intrusion detection


International Workshop on Wireless Multimedia Sensor Networks (WMSN), October 2012

Cited by

Year 2015 : 3 citations

 M Kumhar, V Ukani, Survey on qos aware routing protocols for wireless multimedia sensor networks, International Journal of Computer Science & …, 2015

 Z Zhao, D Rosario, T Braun, E Cerqueira, A Tutorial of the Mobile Multimedia Wireless Sensor Network OMNeT++ Framework, arXiv preprint arXiv:1509.03565, 2015

 Z Fawaz, A Mostefaoui, H Noura, Secure and Error Resilient Approach for Multimedia Data Transmission in Constrained Networks, … of the 11th ACM Symposium on QoS …, 2015

Year 2014 : 8 citations

 D Rosário, Z Zhao, T Braun, E Cerqueiraâ?¦, Opportunistic routing for multi-flow video dissemination over Flying Ad-Hoc Networks, A World of Wireless, …, 2014

 M Atto, C Guy, Routing Protocols and Quality of Services for Security Based Applications Using Wireless Video Sensor Networks, Network Protocols and Algorithms, 2014

 D Rosário, Z Zhao, A Santos, T Braunâ?¦, A beaconless Opportunistic Routing based on a cross-layer approach for efficient video dissemination in mobile multimedia IoT applications, Computer …, 2014

 D Rosário, Z Zhao, T Braunâ?¦, A Cross-Layer QoE-Based Approach for Event-Based Multi-Tier Wireless Multimedia Sensor Networks, International Journal of …, 2014

 D Rosário, Z Zhao, T Braun, E Cerqueiraâ?¦, A Comparative Analysis of Beaconless Opportunistic Routing Protocols for Video Dissemination over Flying Ad-Hoc Networks, Internet of Things, Smart …, 2014

 DG Costa, LA Guedes, F Vasquesâ?¦, Relevance-based partial reliability in wireless sensor networks, EURASIP Journal on …, 2014

 Z Zhao, T Braun, Context-Aware Adaptive Opportunistic Routing in Mobile Ad-hoc and Sensor Networks, Publication/NA, 2014

 QTA Pham, K Piamrat, C Viho, Resource Management in Wireless Access Networks: A layer-based classification-Version 1.0, Publication/NA, 2014

Year 2013 : 8 citations

 Costa, Daniel G., Guedes, L. A., Vasques, F., Portugal, P. "Redundancy-Based Semi-Reliable Packet Transmission in Wireless Visual Sensor Networks Exploiting the Sensing Relevancies of Source Nodes". WSEAS Transactions on Communications. 12, 468-478, 2013.

 Sei, Yuichi, and Akihiko Ohsuga. "Need Only One Bit: Light-weight Packet Marking for Detecting Compromised Nodes in WSNs." SECURWARE 2013, The Seventh International Conference on Emerging Security Information, Systems and Technologies. 2013.

 Daniel G. Costa, Luiz Affonso Guedes, Francisco Vasques, and Paulo Portugal. "Adaptive Monitoring Relevance in Camera Networks for Critical Surveillance Applications". International Journal of Distributed Sensor Networks. 2013.

 D Rosário, Z Zhao, C Silva, E Cerqueiraâ?¦, An omnet++ framework to evaluate video transmission in mobile wireless multimedia sensor networks, Proceedings of the 6th …, 2013

 Z Zhao, D Rosário, T Braun, E Cerqueiraâ?¦, Topology and link quality-aware geographical opportunistic routing in wireless ad-hoc networks, … (IWCMC), 2013 9th …, 2013

 DG Costa, LA Guedes, F Vasquesâ?¦, Adaptive monitoring relevance in camera networks for critical surveillance applications, International Journal of …, 2013

 D Rosário, Z Zhao, T Braun, E Cerqueiraâ?¦, Assessment of a robust opportunistic routing for video transmission in dynamic topologies, Wireless Days (WD), …, 2013

 Y Sei, A Ohsuga, Need Only One Bit: Light-weight Packet Marking for Detecting Compromised Nodes in WSNs, … 2013, The Seventh International Conference on …, 2013