Prediction of epileptic seizures based on heart rate variability



BACKGROUND: Until now, different approaches have been published to resolve the problem of predicting epileptic seizures. The results are reminiscent of a substantial need for improvements in these methods to reach the stage of the clinical application. Our aim is to develop a reliable epileptic seizure prediction algorithm based on the Heart Rate Variability (HRV) analysis. METHODS: We analyzed the HRV of sixteen epileptic patients with a total of 170 seizures, to predict the occurrence of seizures based on the dynamic changes of Electrocardiogram (ECG) during the pre-ictal period. Time and frequency-domain features were computed forthe consecutive time windows with a length of five minutes. An adaptive decision threshold method was used for raising alarms. Predictions were made when selected features exceeded the decision thresholds. RESULTS: For the seizure occurrence period (SOP) of 4:30 minutes, and intervention time (IT) of 110 Sec, the presented method showed an average sensitivity of 78.59%, and average false prediction rate of 0.21/Hr, which indicates that the system has superiority to the random predictor. CONCLUSION: The proposed approach shows a potential in the monitoring of epileptic patients and improving their life quality. The overall performance of the algorithm is a step forward for clinical implementation.


Epilepsy, HRV, prediction, threshold, circadian rhythm


Epilepsy seizure prediction

Related Project

EPILEPSIAE- Evolving Platform for Improving Living Expectation of Patients


Technology and Health Care, Vol. 24, #6, pp. 795-810, IOS Press, November 2016


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