DNA analysis: Principles and sequencing algorithms



DNA discovery has put humans one step closer to deciphering their own structure stored as biological data. Such data could provide us with a huge amount of information, necessary for studying ourselves and learn all the variants that pre-determine one's characteristics. Although, these days, we are able to extract DNA from our cells and transform it into sequences, there is still a long road ahead since DNA has not been easy to process or even extract in one go. Over the past years, bioinformatics has been evolving more and more, constantly aiding biologists on the attempts to "break" the code. In this paper, we present some of the most relevant algorithms and principles applied on the analysis of our DNA. We attempt to provide basic genome overview but, moreover, the focus of our study is on assembly, one of the main phases of DNA analysis.


International Joint Conference on Computational Intelligence, IJCCI 2016 2016

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