Integrated Protection of Industrial Control Systems from Cyber-attacks: the ATENA Approach



Industrial and Automation Control systems traditionally achieved security thanks to the use of proprietary protocols and isolation from the telecommunication networks. Nowadays, the advent of the Industrial Internet of Things poses new security challenges. In this paper, we rst highlight the main security challenges that advocate for new risk assessment and security strategies. To this end, we propose a security framework and advanced tools to properly manage vulnerabilities, and to timely react to the threats. The proposed architecture fills the gap between computer science and control theoretic approaches. The physical layers connected to Industrial Control Systems are prone to disrupt when facing cyber-attacks. Considering the modules of the proposed architecture, we focus on the development of a practical framework to compare information about physical faults and cyber-attacks. This strategy is implemented in the ATENA architecture that has been designed as an innovative solution for the protection of critical assets.


Critical Infrastructures, Cyber-Physical Attacks, IACS, Industrial IoT, SCADA Systems, Industrial and Automation Control Systems

Related Project

H2020 ATENA (Advanced Tools to assEss and mitigate the criticality of ICT compoNents and their dependencies over Critical InfrAstructures)


International Journal of Critical Infrastructure Protection - Elsevier, May 2018

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Year 2020 : 2 citations

 F. Liberati, A. Di Giorgio, A. Giuseppi, A. Pietrabissa and F. Delli Priscoli, "Efficient and Risk-Aware Control of Electricity Distribution Grids," in IEEE Systems Journal, January 2020. doi: 10.1109/JSYST.2020.2965633

 Arroyo-Figueroa, Gustavo, Isai Rojas-Gonzalez and José Alberto Hernández-Aguilar. "A Compressive Compilation of Cyber Security for Internet of Energy (IoE)." Cyber Security of Industrial Control Systems in the Future Internet Environment. IGI Global, 2020. 267-294. Web. 3 Mar. 2020. doi:10.4018/978-1-7998-2910-2.ch013

Year 2019 : 3 citations

 Hunor Sándor, Béla Genge, Zoltán Szántó, Lõrinc Márton, Piroska Haller, "Cyber Attack Detection and Mitigation: Software Defined Survivable Industrial Control Systems", International Journal of Critical Infrastructure Protection, 2019, ISSN 1874-5482. DOI: 10.1016/j.ijcip.2019.04.002

 Juan Enrique Rubio, Cristina Alcaraz, Rodrigo Roman, Javier Lopez, "Current Cyber-Defense Trends in Industrial Control Systems", Computers & Security, 2019. DOI 10.1016/j.cose.2019.06.015.

 Federico Lisi, Giacinto Losquadro, Francesco Delli Priscoli, Antonio Ornatelli, Manuel Donsante, Multi-Connectivity in 5G terrestrial-Satellite Networks: the 5G-ALLSTAR Solution, 25th Ka and Broadband Communications (Ka conference)", Sorrento (Italy), September 30 - October 2, 2019 (Session IX, Part 2). URL: